Tri color glazed pottery of Tang Dynasty, a treasure of ancient Chinese ceramic firing technology, is a kind of low-temperature glazed pottery popular in Tang Dynasty. The glaze color has yellow, green, white, brown, blue, black and other colors, mainly yellow, green and white, so people are used to call it "tri color glazed pottery of Tang Dynasty". It is also known as "Luoyang Tri Color of Tang Dynasty" because it was the earliest and most unearthed in Luoyang. In 1905, during the construction of Luoyang section of Longhai railway, a group of tombs of Tang Dynasty were found in beimangshan, the ancient capital of Luoyang. Later, people used to call this kind of pottery "tri colored pottery of Tang Dynasty", and it is still used to this day. It is well-known at home and abroad.
[collection name]: Tang Sancai horse
Tri colored glazed pottery of Tang Dynasty occupies an important historical position in Chinese culture, which has left a strong mark in the history of Chinese ceramics. Tri colored glazed pottery was born in Tang Dynasty with its cultural origin. First of all, the mature ceramic technology is the material basis for the birth of the Tang Dynasty Sancai; second, the great popularity of the Tang Dynasty funeral custom is the direct guide to its birth; third, the history and culture in various fields of the Tang Dynasty is the best art nourishment for its birth. The birth of the three colors of the Tang Dynasty is also the birth of the three colors glaze decoration technology, which is the process of the combination of glaze decoration and carcass decoration. The brilliant tri colored pottery of the Tang Dynasty, with its gorgeous artistic effect, has been perfectly displayed and vividly displayed on the figurines with exquisite sculptures and vivid shapes.
According to archaeological findings, the production of Sancai in the Tang Dynasty began in the period of Gaozong, because no tricolor was found in the tombs before that. When Emperor Gaozong was in power, the luxury of the ruling class became more and more intense. The dignitaries and dignitaries hope to enjoy the splendor and wealth after death, so they always bury a large number of treasures and tricolor tools in their tombs, so that the custom of thick burial will flourish. Due to the surge of social demand, the production of tricolor ware was over developed. The Tang Dynasty had to set up a special organization to manage and control the production of tricolor ware, and issued regulations to impose restrictions on the number of burial objects. For example, it stipulated that the number of burial objects of officials at all levels was: "more than 90 items (sets), more than 60 items, more than 40 items", and stipulated the height of various objects It should be within one foot. But according to the archaeological excavation, the number and height of the funerary devices at that time exceeded the regulations. Some tricolor horses are over 1 meter high. At the end of the Tang Dynasty, due to the decline of national strength, the production of tricolor ware began to shrink gradually, and the quality was not as good as before. There were still three color workshops in song and Liao dynasties, but the craft and decoration were obviously different from those in Tang Dynasty.
The tricolor horse is huge in shape and complex in structure, so it can't be finished by ordinary manual drawing method, so it is usually molded. Although it is made by die-casting, all tricolor horses have their own characteristics, and almost no identical tricolor horse can be found. It can be seen from the existing tricolor horses that the tricolor craftsmen in Tang Dynasty were not only familiar with the appearance and characteristics of the horses, but also had a deep understanding of their looks and temperament. Therefore, it is easy to shape. They not only make the tricolor horse very lifelike in appearance, but also give full play to the artistic imagination, and properly use the artistic exaggeration technique, so that the horse's inner spirit can be displayed incisively and vividly.
As a treasure of Chinese art, Tang tricolor horse can reflect the brilliant brilliance of Tang Wenhua in many aspects. It not only provides people with valuable material materials for understanding the historical value of Tang Wenhua in China, but also makes groups of Chinese and foreign collectors fall in love with its artistic charm. Tang tricolor horse has a huge potential for investment and value preservation. Therefore, it has long attracted the attention of domestic and foreign businesses and has been firmly seated on the highest auction price throne of Chinese ceramic art. Its cultural relics are of high value and are treasured by collectors.
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