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古玩城2021精品推荐第一期:金农《百马图》

2021-01-16 21:24:56 来源:网络

金农 字寿门,号冬心,又司农等,仁和(今杭州)人。流寓扬州。精鉴赏、工书画。诗文金石。书法工隶楷。隶以朴厚见长,楷含隶意,自成一格,号称“漆书”。五十岁后始作画,山水人物、佛像鞍马、梅竹信笔挥写,形象拙朴,构图新颖,皆成别有心裁之作,为世人称许。被称为扬州八家首席。

Jinnong, named Shoumen, named Dongxin, is a native of Renhe (present-day Hangzhou). Live in Yangzhou. Fine appreciation, painting and calligraphy. Poetry and stone. Calligrapher's official script. Li is known for its simplicity and thickness, and its model contains the meaning of Li. It is a sui generis, so-called "lacquer book". Painting began after the age of 50, and landscape figures, pommel horses of Buddha statues, and plum bamboos were written with simple images and novel compositions, all of which became unique and thoughtful works and were praised by the world. Known as the chief of eight Yangzhou families.

他的笔画忽粗忽细,波画尤多以肥钝浓厚粗笔为之,将隶体行书化,朴拙而具古意。不仅在书法演变上具有重要意义,又给当时传统而保守的帖学书坛以冲击。金农的绘画造型奇古,用笔朴拙,笔下对象无不孤诣独绝,脱尽时流习气。尤其题材领域之广,当时罕有匹敌者。其用力最勤而造诣最精者,当数梅、竹、佛、马及自写真,并且都能体现出一种“以意为画”、“意造其妙”的精神来。他的笔下不见高山大川,多是小品写意,可谓雅俗共赏,别有一番味道。他的绘画也多是诗书画合一,绘画中多独具特色,有文人画的奇趣。

His strokes are thick and thin, and his wave paintings are mostly made of fat, blunt and thick brush, which makes the official style calligraphic, simple and ancient. It is not only of great significance in the evolution of calligraphy, but also impacted the traditional and conservative calligraphy circle at that time. Jin Nong's painting style is strange and ancient, his pen is simple and clumsy, and the objects in his works are all solitary and unique, which is out of fashion. Especially the subject matter is so wide that there were few competitors at that time. Those who exert the most diligence and have the best attainments are plum, bamboo, Buddha, horse and self-portrait, and they can all embody the spirit of "painting with meaning" and "making it wonderful with meaning". There are no mountains and rivers in his works, but most of them are sketch freehand brushwork, which can be said to enjoy both elegance and vulgarity. Most of his paintings are a combination of poetry, calligraphy and painting, which is unique and interesting for literati paintings.

金农的鞍马画继承唐人,能在韩干等人写实的基础上又注重意象,将笔墨的表现形式加以适当的夸张、变形,这使得他笔下的马既具备了唐人画马的烈性与彪悍,又显示出金氏画马“迥立阊阖生长风”的俊逸风骨。此画墨色浓淡相交,拙朴厚重的线条色勒出马的风韵,天马威武、强壮、俊逸、飘洒的形象跃然纸上。金农的字得力于《天发神谶碑》和龙门造像等碑,融合汉隶、魏楷,画中书法用笔方正、棱角分明、结构紧凑、体势欹侧是其楷书中的佳作。秦祖永《桐阴论画》评金农的画“涉笔即古,脱尽画家习气”,此画足可为铁证。

Jin Nong's pommel horse painting inherits the Tang people, and can pay attention to images on the basis of realism by Han Gan and others, and appropriately exaggerate and deform the expression forms of pen and ink, which makes his horses not only have the fierceness and fierceness of painting horses by the Tang people, but also show the elegance and character of Jin's painting horse "with his eyes toward the palace in the deepening air". The ink and shade of this painting intersect with each other, and the simple and heavy lines color the charm of horse, and the image of powerful, strong, elegant and floating Tianma is on the paper. Jinnong's characters are derived from the Monument of Heavenly Gods and Longmen Statues, which are integrated with han li and Wei Kai. The calligraphy pen in the painting is square, angular, compact in structure and excellent in its regular script. Qin Zuyong's "Tongyin on Painting" comments on Jin Nong's painting, "It's ancient when it comes to writing, and it breaks away from the painter's habits". This painting can be proved as hard evidence.

这幅《百马图》画长4.83宽0.45,此画面清晰,是我华夏古代书画绝品,为纸本墨画浅着色。每一匹马的姿势各不一样,形态各异、栩栩如生。画家对马的描绘,极善抓住动态和神情,运动中的马被表现得活泼顽皮,静立时的马又被表现得庄重威武,画中笔法清秀温雅,敷色清淡,可以看出作者对所在年代变化的痕迹。

This Hundred Horses Picture is 4.83 long and 0.45 wide. This picture is clear. It is a masterpiece of my ancient Chinese painting and calligraphy, and it is lightly colored for paper ink paintings. Every horse has different postures, different shapes and lifelike. The painter's depiction of horses is very good at grasping the dynamics and expression. The horses in motion are shown to be lively and naughty, while the horses at rest are shown to be solemn and mighty. The brushwork in the paintings is delicate and Wen Ya, and the color is light, so we can see the traces of the author's changes in his age.

 

今年春拍艺术市场热闹非凡,尤其是近现代书画市场回暖明显。那些来源清楚、流传有序、名家收藏过、罕见于世的作品非常受欢迎,呈供不应求之势。那些有着众多出版、展览著录的拍品在竞拍中明显占有优势,成交价往往比估价高出数倍。从保利拍卖现场来看,不论是日场还是夜场人气普旺,新买家办牌量增加。夜场拍卖广受关注,常常被挤得水泄不通,更有大收藏家积极购藏顶级的书画作品。2017年保利拍卖系近现代书画成交额逾30亿元。

This spring auction art market is very lively, especially in modern painting and calligraphy market. Those works with clear sources, orderly circulation, famous collections and rare in the world are very popular and in short supply. Lots with numerous publications and exhibitions have obvious advantages in bidding, and the transaction price is often several times higher than the valuation. Judging from the auction site of Poly, whether it is day or night, the popularity of new buyers has increased. Evening auctions are widely concerned, often packed, and more big collectors actively purchase top-class paintings and calligraphy works. In 2017, the turnover of modern paintings and calligraphy in Poly Auction Department exceeded RMB 3 billion.

 

 

 

 

 

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