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古玩行2019精品推荐第12期:慈禧皇太后白菜发财图

2019-12-23 10:21:29 来源:未知

慈禧太后(1835—1908),即叶赫那拉氏,又叫西太后、老佛爷,清朝咸丰帝妃子,同治、光绪两朝(1861—1908)实际的最高统治者,以垂帘听政、训政等方式统治中国长达47年。所在时期我国遭遇外患频繁,且每有战事十有八九要输,遂“量中华之物力,结与国之欢心”,割地赔款。加上生活奢华无度、反对维新变法,百年来为国人所诟病。

Empress Dowager Cixi (1835-1908), known as Ye Henala, also known as the Western Empress Dowager and Lao Foye, was the imperial concubine of Xianfeng Emperor of the Qing Dynasty. She was the actual supreme ruler of the Tongzhi and Guangxu Dynasties (1861-1908). She ruled China for 47 years by way of listening to the government from behind the curtain and by way of political tutelage. During this period, China suffered frequent foreign invasions, and nine times out of ten it had to lose every war, so it "measured China's material resources and won the favor of the country" and ceded land for compensation. In addition, the extravagant life and opposition to the reform have been criticized by the Chinese for a hundred years.

 

在中国的历史教科书上,慈禧太后是清王朝腐朽的象征。在国人的历史记忆中,慈禧太后是一个非常负面的人物,甚至被称为卖国贼、投降派、保守派、杀人狂。然而,大量宫廷文物的见世,却告诉了人们慈禧太后不大为人所知的另外一面:她竟然还是位书画家。这是学者布惊树在其博客上的揭秘。布惊树说:“慈禧不是好的领导者,但可以说是一个优秀的书画家。慈禧书法颇有功底,花鸟画亦极工。”

In Chinese history textbooks, Empress Dowager Cixi is a symbol of the decadence of the Qing Dynasty. In Chinese historical memory, Empress Dowager Cixi is a very negative figure, even called traitor, capitulator, conservative and killer. However, the appearance of a large number of palace relics tells people another side that Empress Dowager Cixi is not well known: she is still a painter and calligrapher. This is the revelation of scholar Bujing Shu on his blog. "Empress Dowager Cixi is not a good leader, but can be said to be an excellent calligrapher and painter. Empress Dowager Cixi has a good command of calligraphy, and flower-and-bird painting is also excellent. "

 

据辽宁《时代商报》报道,2004年7月4日在沈阳故宫首次展出的慈禧太后真迹《富贵长春图》一经亮相,立刻“镇住”了前来参观的游客,大家一致为这位“辣手”太后的书画作品叫绝。据沈阳故宫博物院院长支运亭介绍:“大家都知道西太后慈禧是清末一个政治家,却鲜有人知道她还是一个出色的书画作家,我曾经看过她批阅的一些奏折,字迹很漂亮。”

According to a report by Liaoning's Times Business News, the Empress Dowager Cixi's original painting "Fugui Changchun Tu", which was first displayed in Shenyang's Imperial Palace on July 4, 2004, immediately "subdued" the tourists who came to visit, and everyone unanimously marveled at the "difficult" Empress Dowager's paintings and calligraphy. According to zhi yun ting, director of Shenyang national palace museum, "everyone knows that empress dowager cixi was a politician in the late Qing dynasty, but few people know that she is still an outstanding writer of calligraphy and painting. I have seen some memorials she has read and written beautifully."

 

《清宫遗闻》记载有“光绪中叶以后,慈禧忽怡情翰墨,学绘花卉,又学作擘窠大字”。慈禧太后丈夫、儿子都死得很早,长年孑然一身,她虽地位至上、颐指气使,王公大臣拜倒一地“万岁”声满殿轰响,却仍然几十年生活孤独、精神困厄。她活得并不容易,于是“喜艺事”,勤习书画,以求得内心的安慰。

"Qing Gong Yi Wen" recorded that "after the middle of Guangxu period, Empress Dowager Cixi suddenly took delight in calligraphy, learning to draw flowers, and learning to carve large characters". Empress Dowager Cixi's husband and son all died very early and were left alone for many years. Although she was supreme in status and ordered, the nobles threw themselves down to the ground and "long live" resounded all over the temple, but she still lived alone and in distress for decades. She did not live easily, so she "liked art" and studied calligraphy and painting frequently in order to find comfort in her heart.

据古书,慈禧不会绘画,但她手下有一位,湖南人,孟夏清,专给慈禧大后绘画。

According to ancient books, Empress Dowager Cixi did not know how to draw, but one of her men, Meng Xiaqing, from Hunan, painted for Empress Dowager Cixi.

 

 

慈禧皇太后:白菜发财图赏析:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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